Why is road safety necessary to reduce accident rate?

Accidents due to road accidents are the highest in the world .Factories accident are negligible in front of road accident. Road have become so dangerous that every day we keep hearing about some accident. We all use the road in some way or the other, like moving goods from one place to another and also taking material from one place to another place. Our families and children also use the road. We walk on the road, ride a bicycle and ride motorcycle and also a car. If we keep ourselves restrained and disciplined, then all such road accidents can be avoided. Some of the fundamental causes of road accident are as follows.

  • Drunk driving
  • Over speed driving
  • Ignoring road safety rules
  • Poor condition of  vehicle(car, truck, motor-cycle)
  • Not wearing seat belt
  • Not using crash helmet
  • Bad condition of road
  • Impulsiveness
  • Driver not getting proper rest before drive
  • Sleep driving


  • There must be good road with parking and proper lighting inside within company.
  • All transport vehicle should have registration, fitness certificate and national permit.
  • All transit mixture must have ladder with platform  in the back and run over protection. Concrete mixture drum should have safety guard.
  • Trade condition of tires should be good.
  • Tractor should be used for shifting small materials within company.It should not be used for transportation of laborers. Oveloading  of materials in tractor should be restricted.
  • Tractor driver should use seat belt while driving.
  • Statutory rules must be strictly followed while dangerous materials (such as fuel,acid) within the company.It include TREM card, emergency number, first aid kit, proper earthing, HAZCHEM code,
  • Materials loaded on L.M.V and  H.M.V vehicles should not be beyond 3 meter. If materials come out of the vehicle, it should be escorted with flag man with 10 meter ahead.
  • Age of the driver should not be less than 24 and more than 58 years.
  • The driver must undergo yearly health check-up.
  • Defensive driving training should be given to drivers.
  • Traffic  marshal must be appointed to control traffic in within the company premises.
  • The driver should not get more passenger in the car,taxi.It should be within the passenger carrying capacity of the vehicle. All passenger must use seat belt.
  • All driver should wear reflective jacket.
  • All vehicles should be fitted with retro reflective tap in the back.
  • Transport vehicles coming to the plant should be checked as per checklist before gate entry. Vehicle must have brake, light, horn, indicator, three way mirror, reverse horn, seat belt, door lock, horn, parking brake in proper condition.
  • While loading and unloading materials, tarpaulin covering ,proper platform should be used. Wheel chock should be used for safety in addition to setting the brakes.
  • Loose material should not be placed at  centre. Material spillage form vehicle should be avoided.
  • Proper covering of materials such as coal, lime stone etc loaded on the trucks should be done to avoid fall of materials.
  • Don’t use mobile while driving.
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One thought on “Why is road safety necessary to reduce accident rate?

  • December 6, 2019 at 6:12 pm

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